INSTRUCTIONS: Agricultural Marketing In Enugu State Problems AND Prospects project material. Please, sit back and study the below research material carefully. DO NOT copy word for word. CareersHelp aim of providing this Agricultural Marketing In Enugu State Problems AND Prospects project research material is to reduce the stress of moving from one school library to another all in the name of searching for Agricultural Marketing In Enugu State Problems AND Prospects research materials. We are not encouraging any form of plagiarism. This service is legal because, all institutions permit their students to read previous projects, books, articles or papers while developing their own works. According to Austin Kleon "All creative work builds on what came before"
You are reading project material titled: Agricultural Marketing In Enugu State Problems AND Prospects
(A case study of Ministry of Agriculture Enugu State
OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY
The research will state the objective to accomplished through the study.
These objectives are: to examine the level and problem we are facing in agricultural product and why we have shortage of food in farm product
FORMULATION OF HYPOTHESIS
Here three hypothesis will be formulated to give focus to the study.
I consumers are not satisfied with the agricultural problem we are facing in Enugu State.
SCOPE OF STUDY
The will undertake an indept look at the problem of Agricultural Marketing in Enugu State.
And the study was limited to Ministry of Agriculture in other to get the agricultural marketing problems in Enugu State.
SIGNIFICATION OF THE STUDY
The different target group to which the study will be beneficial and will be clearly stated.
SOURCES OF DATA
Data form the study will be sourced from two main sources primary and secondary data.
PLAN FOR THE REVIEW OF RELEVANT LITERATURE
The researcher here will conduct Library researchers on texts books journals, magazines and other publication related topics to the one under study. The review will be stated in sub-heads.
METHOD OF DATA COLLECTION
The method of data collection in the envisaged study will involves face to face distribution of copies of questionnaire to the customers and staff of the case organization.
The overview of marketing is sumptuously and old and a new profession, it is old in the sense that since the beginning of man exchange or trade has been in existence right from the time of barter marketing has been in existence.
PRESENTATION AND ANALYSIS OF DATA
The data presented and analysed here were collected by the use of questionnaires, administered to the producers, wholesalers, retailers and consumers of palm produce as an agricultural product in Enugu State. They were based on 304 questionnaires correctly completed and returned.
Table Of Contents
1.1 Background Of The Study
1.2 Statement Of The Problem
1.3 Objectives Of The Study
1.4 Significance Of The Study
1.5 Hypothesis Formulation
1.6 Scope Of The Study
2.0 Literature Review
2.1 Overview Of Marketing
2.2 The Market Concept In Agricultural Marketing
2.3 The Marketing Mix
2.4 Agricultural Marketing
2.5 Pricing Strategy For Agricultural Marketing
2.6 Process And Storage
2.7 Distribution Strategy For Agricultural Marketing
2.8 Promotional Strategy For Agricultural Marketing
2.9 Problems Of Agricultural Marketing.
3.0 Research Methodology
3.1 Scope Of The Study
3.2 Sources Of Data
3.3 Primary Data
3.4 Secondary Data
3.5 Method Of Investigation
3.6 Questionnaire Design
3.7 Determination Of Sample Size
3.8 Allocation Of The Questionnaires
3.9 Limitations Of The Study
4.0 Presentation And Analysis Of Data
4.1 Presentation Of Data
4.2 Statistical Test
5.0 Summary Of Findings Recommendation And Conclusion
5.1 Summary Of Finding
1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
Agriculture is and still remains an important sector of the Nig Agriculture is and still remains an important sector of the Nigerian economy inspite of the importance of crude oil which has been unduely emphasized on agriculture. Its practice has remained within a subsistence level at a time in the past.
Reports from the food and agricultural organization shows that by the year 2010. Nigeria will be able to meet only 37% of the food need of its projected 150 million people.
No doubt agriculture provides the greatest avenue for employment, income and food for the Nigeria populace its intrinsic position as a source of raw-materials for key industries and a major source of foreign exchange earning has further- added to its pre-eminence among all known occupation. However the performance of this sector as regards agricultural production varied widely over the past two decades the enabling environment prevalent at different point in time, have greatly influenced it.
Apparently agricultural marketing to a larger extent may be said to begin when farmers plan their output or the expected market prices.
To the layman agricultural marketing could be taken as the bridge or connecting link between specialized agricultural producers and final consumer.
But their in as a much as this view is myopic a broader perspective of agricultural marketing is that it is the performance of all business activities involved in the flow of agricultural production to the point of consumption for further to this the dynamic of agricultural marketers on the food and raw-material demands in their territory and which apparently helps farmers in their production planning. In other products being efficiently and effectively delivered to the consumers or usrs.
Normally, consumers and interested in securing the highest food value at the lowest possible price while at the same time. Farmers want the highest possible returns from the sale of their produces, along the line middle-men seek to earn the greatest possible profit pricing policies and behaviours are therefore important indicators to both the middlemen and the society in general. To explain further to the middlemen, price changes determines gross margin and profitability; and for the society, price directly effect aggregate price levels of the economy and hence consumer welfare.
Agricultural products uniquely depend on a adequate and flexible transportation system that is why the ministry of agricultural focus on the geographic movement to acquire their market value and also because of the extent to which climate or weather determines where or when and in what quantity transportation services will be needed.
This study tends to look into the problems and prospects of agricultural marketing within a state and within states creates the need for exchange which in the other hand calls for the might or important middlemen.
1.2 STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM
Agricultural production in Enugu State has drastically been reduced and this has occasioned scarcity of food in the homes and for export.
The situation is different from what it was before when there were abundant food for populations and for sale. The present predicament of scarcity in the agriculture sector has let both the consumers and the industrial users to look for explanations to this.
A lot of reasons could be adduced for the short-fall that could be traceable to this include the city disturbances in the country increasing rate of population growth. Other factors include draught, unfavourable, external environment and inadequate funding for agricultural and in development.
Some of the activities that suppose to back-up marketing are still lacked or not full utilization. Most time agriculture in Enugu State are confronted with limited production by design due to lack of facilities of processing and storage when this is the case, agricultural producers tend to remain only on the subsistence level with little to offer to the market. Despite the enormous resources injected by the government into the sector after the civil war, the impact of the production did not matched the volume of resources expended on the sector as the agricultural product production stagnated at less than one prevent annual population growth rate a time population growth rate was between 2.3%. all the producers because of their level of production and lack of storage facilities being to a market, a small quantity for immediate cash and in most cases all the surpluses are brought to the market same time after production.
In all agricultural sector has affected export which would have boostered revenue of the government thereby stalling developments.
The oil 600m further reduced participation in agriculture as most people disengaged into white collar jobs.
1.3 OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY
The general objective of the study is to evaluate the problems and prospects of agricultural marketing as the study of ministry of agriculture Enugu-State the study is intended to the problem of workers in the ministry of agriculture.
And evaluate instruments in agricultural production. And also the storage facilities, preservation of food and crops and quality maintenance open to farmers which in turn help in the marketing of perishable products.
Making recommendations as how to increase the quality and quantity of the agricultural product thereby reducing the associated. And to evaluate the storage facilities and also the land tenure system which is the problem that we are facing now. To evaluate instruments in agricultural there lack instruments and even the old ones there lack maintenance.
At this are the problems there are facing in the ministry of agriculture Enugu State.
1.4 SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
Agricultural planning and development have began to receive some attention in many developing countries.
The importance placed on agriculture has to do with the experience of those countries which is in constant short supply of food.
Many agricultural programmes were enunciate by the different regimes ranging from green revolution to operation feed the nation down to Enugu –State agrarian revolution or River State back to land schemes.
All these efforts are aimed substantially to increasing the agricultural product production.
In between the producers and consumers are the marketing activities and the satisfaction of the consumers depends to a large extent on how these activities are carried out.
However, lack of adequate marketing may cause shortage in some instance thereby increasing the price of the product in particular areas while others experience near surplus with attendant low prices.
The study is intended to provide me necessary information to the consumers producers and to the government on how to improve the agricultural produce and such improvement will check on the continued scarcity of the product and thereby enhancing exportation which will earn foreign exchange for the country.
1.5 HYPOTHESIS FORMULATION INTO FOUR
H1 Bad road in Udi Local Government Area impacts negatively in the agriculture productivity.
H2: The problem of poor processing and storage facilities impacts negativity in the profitability of agricultural products.
H3: Use of Crude Oil as the major source of revenue by government had caused decline in agricultural sector.
H4: Scarcity of Agricultural products affected the demand for agricultural product in Udi Local Government Area.
1.6 SCOPE OF THE STUDY
For the purpose of effective research, some of the towns in Udi Local Government Area were selected.
Reasons for the selection of towns is to enable the researcher have an indepth study of Udi Local Government and draw a wide conclusion of how the present marketing systems in Udi Local Government affects the marketing of palm produce as an agricultural products.